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Kenyan refugee Art students amazed by live VR National Gallery trip

24 Jan 2020Vodafone Foundation news
8 minute read
  • Students from Kakuma Refugee Camp were given a specially created live and immersive VR tour of London’s National Gallery, over 6,000 miles away
  • The students - many of whom have never left the camp – explored the gallery in real time, viewing paintings by Van Gogh, Manet, Titian, Hobbema and Bonheur
  • Artist Lisa Milroy hosted the tour for students

24 January 2020 - A group of young refugees growing up in a Kenyan refugee camp have been given a close-up look at a selection of paintings by world-famous artists during a 360-degree live virtual reality (VR) tour at the National Gallery in London. The experience, captured in a new video released today for the International Day for Education, is believed to be the world’s first live VR school trip for refugee students.

Many of the students, aged between 13 and 22, have spent their entire lives in Kakuma Refugee Camp under the protection of the office of UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency. The camp, one of the largest in the world, is home to more than 190,000 people who have fled conflict in neighbouring countries.

Nyagoa, 18, who was born in the camp after her mother fled the war in South Sudan, said: “It was really wow! I really enjoyed it. It felt like I was there with Lisa, together. It looked just the way that I always imagined and I really enjoyed it because it felt just like I was in London.”

Lisa Milroy - former Trustee to the National Gallery - has delivered a programme of practical art sessions, called Hands On Art Workshops, for primary and secondary school students in Kakuma Refugee Camp since 2015. The workshops are conducted from London using digital video conference technology and tablet-based learning provided by Vodafone Foundation’s Instant Network Schools.

360 camera

Now, with the help of 360 cameras, connectivity and virtual reality headsets, the students have been able to see what it feels like to step out of the camp into an iconic gallery over 6,000 miles away.

Tech-enabled workshops

Tech-enabled workshops provide students in Kakuma the opportunity to engage with art-related activities for the first time, as art is not widely offered as part of the Kenyan national curriculum.

“It’s wonderful to be able to share an experience of the National Gallery and my thoughts about the paintings with the students in Kakuma through technology,” said artist Lisa Milroy. “The live virtual reality tour makes it possible for the students to get a feeling for what it’s like to wander through the galleries and enjoy the paintings as objects in a space, to get a sense of their fabulous material form, and encounter them each with its particular setting.”

The tour featured a selection of nine paintings based on the subject of ‘time’, which has shaped several Hands On Art Workshops. Lisa started the tour with a look at The Avenue at Middelharnis, 1689 by Meindert Hobbema and concluded with the recent wall painting Messengers, 2019, by the celebrated British artist Bridget Riley.

Vincent Van Gogh’s Chair

A highlight of the tour was Vincent Van Gogh’s Chair, which was the subject of the final part of the students’ tour.

After the tour, the students had a live session with Milroy for a conversation about their impressions of the paintings. This was followed by a practical workshop where the students were invited to create their own paintings based on Van Gogh’s Chair, 1888 in the National Gallery.

“It’s a very emotional moment because with the guidance of Lisa Milroy, one of the UK’s leading artists, we are bringing the beauty of these paintings in the Gallery to these students,” said Andrew Dunnett, Vodafone Group Director Sustainable Development Goals, Sustainable Business and the Vodafone Foundation.

“The Vodafone Foundation especially created the live VR tour for Kakuma Refugee Camp art students. This is what connected education is all about for Vodafone. Through our technology we can provide connectivity to connect young refugees to the wider world and opportunities that exist beyond the camp.”

The National Gallery in London is committed to engaging people with art and using the latest technology to bring it to a wider audience.

Since 2016, students in Kakuma have been receiving a digital education through Vodafone Foundation’s Instant Network Schools (INS) programme in partnership with UNHCR. INS connects classrooms to the internet and provides tablets for the students, a laptop for the teacher, high quality and localised digital educational content and teacher training, along with access to a wealth of curated online content and resources. To date, the programme has benefitted more than 86,500 students and over 1,000 teachers across 36 INS schools and eight refugee camps in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Vodafone Foundation and UNHCR have committed to expand the INS programme to benefit more than 500,000 young refugee students.

How Vodafone Foundation created the first live-streamed VR school trip for Kakuma refugee students

Using Vodafone’s connectivity, a 5G Gigacube, the latest hardware and global 360 video distribution the live VR experience was possible. The film crew moved and streamed in 360 at the same time.

1. Live streaming from the National Gallery

  • A 5G Gigacube was used to provide a stable internet connection across the gallery floor
  • An Insta360 Pro2 camera streamed in 360, with real-time image stitching that meant the children experienced moving from room to room in the gallery just anyone visiting the gallery in the real world
  • The camera was controlled remotely using the camera's software
  • A live stream was sent to an unlisted video sharing channel that was stable throughout the 81-minute trip
  • Mobile power banks were used to keep the production running
  • Images were recorded in 8k on the camera and streamed in 4k, 30 Frames per second and 15-bit rate

2. Viewing in Kakuma

  • Three different internet connections were used (2 x 4G modems and Vodafone Foundation's Instant School Network connection)
  • Students used Oculus Go VR headsets and tablet/laptop access for 360 viewing
  • 360 images of Trafalgar Square were preloaded into the viewing experience, so the students would experience arriving at the gallery in a way that was as close as possible to a real school trip

Notes to Editors

Download link to high-resolution images and video:

Picture/video credit: Vodafone Foundation, by kind permission of the National Gallery

About Vodafone Foundation

Vodafone Foundation is at the centre of a network of global and local social investment programmes. Vodafone Foundation’s Connecting for Good programme combines charitable giving and technology to make a difference in the world. Vodafone Foundation is an independent UK registered charity, registered charity number 1089625.

About Instant Network Schools

Vodafone Foundation Instant Network Schools (INS) programme aims to connect refugee students in a quality digital education and improve ICT literacy and digital skills. Vodafone Foundation and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have worked together since 2013 to enhance the quality of education in refugee camps. The INS programme was co-designed by the Vodafone Foundation Instant Network team and UNHCR’s Innovation and Education teams leveraging Vodafone’s technical expertise and core capabilities.

Vodafone Foundation’s Instant Classroom - the equipment used for INS – is a digital ‘school in a box’ deigned by the team, that can be set up in a matter of minutes. It includes 25 tablets, a laptop for the teacher, a projector, speakers, 3G modem and a library of digital educational resources and is helping shape UNHCR’s Connected Education approach.

As of March 2019, Vodafone Foundation and UNHCR have deployed 36 Instant Network Schools benefitting over 86,000 refugee students and 1,000 teachers across eight refugee camps in Kenya, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan. The INS programme has had a significant impact in refugee camps by ensuring access to accredited, quality, and relevant learning opportunities for refugees and the communities that host them.

About Hands On Art Workshops

Hands On Art Workshops offers a programme of practical art workshops for primary and secondary school students in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya. Initiated by artist Lisa Milroy in 2015, the workshops are facilitated by Vodafone Foundation and UNHCR’s Instant Network Schools programme, which utilises digital video conference technology. Lisa travels to Kakuma Refugee Camp annually to deliver Hands On workshops, working with UNHCR Education.

The aim of Hands On Art Workshops is to support and encourage creative and imaginative thinking, engagement and exchange between artists and students. All Hands On Art Workshops are devised by artists and based on their practices. Through Hands On Art Workshops, students can develop their creative skills through drawing, painting, performance, object making, writing, and aspects of functional design.

Hands On Art Workshops is supported by Vodafone Foundation, UNHCR, Colart, Slade School of Fine Art, UCL and Windle International Kenya.

About the National Gallery

The National Gallery is one of the greatest art galleries in the world. Founded by Parliament in 1824, the Gallery houses the nation’s collection of paintings in the Western European tradition from the late 13th to the early 20th century. The collection includes works by Bellini, Cézanne, Degas, Leonardo da Vinci, Monet, Raphael, Rembrandt, Renoir, Rubens, Titian, Turner, Van Dyck, Van Gogh and Velázquez. The Gallery’s key objectives are to enhance the collection, care for the collection and provide the best possible access to visitors. More at


UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a global organisation dedicated to saving lives, protecting rights and building a better future for people forced to flee their homes because of conflict and persecution. We deliver life-saving assistance like shelter, food and water, help safeguard fundamental human rights, and develop solutions that ensure people have a safe place to call home. We work in over 130 countries, using our expertise to protect and care for millions of people.

  • Africa
  • AR / VR
  • Human rights
  • Press Release
  • Vodafone Foundation

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