Equality of opportunity between men and women is a key indicator of long-term social stability and economic prosperity. Over the last two decades, and with the help of mobile, there has been significant progress in closing the global gender gap, particularly in areas such as education and health. However, major challenges remain. Although the role of communications technology in improving the wellbeing and livelihoods of women is widely recognised, it is estimated that more than 1.7 billion women in low and middle-income countries do not own a mobile phone.

While women and men enter the workplace as young adults with equivalent skills and in broadly equal numbers, as their careers evolve, a much greater proportion of men than women currently enter middle and senior-level roles.